Prepare a 1,400–word paper describing the importance of research as it relates to policy development within the field of criminal justice. Address each of the following in your paper: Identify the purposes and types of policies within the field of criminal justice. Describe the relationship between research and policy development. Provide examples of how research can assist policy-makers to inform their policy decisions. Identify two examples of policies that were developed within the past 10 years that resulted from research within the field of criminal justice.

Prepare a 1,400–word paper describing the importance of research as it relates to policy development within the field of criminal justice. Address each of the following in your paper: Identify the purposes and types of policies within the field of criminal justice. Describe the relationship between research and policy development. Provide examples of how research can assist policy-makers to inform their policy decisions. Identify two examples of policies that were developed within the past 10 years that resulted from research within the field of criminal justice.

Bank A has a maturity mismatch in its foreign exchange position. It sold 5 million Swiss francs on November 13 for value on November 15 to bank X for $2,501,000 and bought 5 million francs for value on November 25 from bank Z for $2,499,000. The exchange rate is $1 = 2 francs on 1 franc = $.50. To eliminate possible interest rate risk during the maturity gap, it arranges a swap with bank B. Write out the transactions of bank A and B on these value dates. What are the profits to bank A of the swap?

Bank A has a maturity mismatch in its foreign exchange position. It sold 5 million Swiss francs on November 13 for value on November 15 to bank X for $2,501,000 and bought 5 million francs for value on November 25 from bank Z for $2,499,000. The exchange rate is $1 = 2 francs on 1 franc = $.50. To eliminate possible interest rate risk during the maturity gap, it arranges a swap with bank B. Write out the transactions of bank A and B on these value dates. What are the profits to bank A of the swap?

In what way do contemporary artists consider issues of national and cultural identity? What are their strategies for calling traditional divisions into question through their art? Use at least two art examples to support your post. (75 words)

In what way do contemporary artists consider issues of national and cultural identity? What are their strategies for calling traditional divisions into question through their art? Use at least two art examples to support your post. (75 words)

The following work was part of a controversy that ended up in court. Use the accompanying links to enhance your knowledge of the incident. Write a reaction essay answering the questions below. “Dread” Scott Tyler, What is the Proper Way to Display a US Flag • http://webenact.rhizome.org/thefileroom/20160205200018/http://www.thefileroom.org/documents/dyn/DisplayCase.cfm/id/199 • http://www.dreadscott.net/works/what-is-the-proper-way-to-display-a-us-flag/ THE FIRST AMMENDEMENT: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” Should the artwork have been removed from the exhibition? What is your reaction to the viewer comments of the piece? Would you have stood on the flag to write a comment – what would that comment have been? Do you believe that Tyler was acting under his first Amendment rights? Is critique of our government and its symbols, or anti‐patriotism a crime? What do you think of Judge Kenneth L. Gillis’ ruling that artist’s display of the flag convey ideas (popular or not) is protected under the First Amendment? (2 paragraphs)

The following work was part of a controversy that ended up in court. Use the accompanying links to enhance your knowledge of the incident. Write a reaction essay answering the questions below. “Dread” Scott Tyler, What is the Proper Way to Display a US Flag • http://webenact.rhizome.org/thefileroom/20160205200018/http://www.thefileroom.org/documents/dyn/DisplayCase.cfm/id/199 • http://www.dreadscott.net/works/what-is-the-proper-way-to-display-a-us-flag/ THE FIRST AMMENDEMENT: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” Should the artwork have been removed from the exhibition? What is your reaction to the viewer comments of the piece? Would you have stood on the flag to write a comment – what would that comment have been? Do you believe that Tyler was acting under his first Amendment rights? Is critique of our government and its symbols, or anti‐patriotism a crime? What do you think of Judge Kenneth L. Gillis’ ruling that artist’s display of the flag convey ideas (popular or not) is protected under the First Amendment? (2 paragraphs)

Our class’s final essay assignment requires you to reflect on the contemporary relevance of ancient codes, documents, and artifacts that contributed to the evolution of our modern conception of human rights. Your essay should answer these questions: 1. What, according to H. Gene Blocker, are the most important historical sources for our contemporary conception of human rights? 2. To what extent, if at all, can you identify in contemporary culture and government specific legacies of any of the ancient codes, documents, and artifacts we studied this week? (600 words)

Our class’s final essay assignment requires you to reflect on the contemporary relevance of ancient codes, documents, and artifacts that contributed to the evolution of our modern conception of human rights. Your essay should answer these questions: 1. What, according to H. Gene Blocker, are the most important historical sources for our contemporary conception of human rights? 2. To what extent, if at all, can you identify in contemporary culture and government specific legacies of any of the ancient codes, documents, and artifacts we studied this week? (600 words)

Companies that are involved in international trade have to be mindful of the foreign exchange rates of currency. The exchange rate is how much one countries currency can buy of another countries currency. Sometimes 1 US Dollar can purchase more or less of another countries currency. Imagine you are a business owner and want to expand your business into the Japanese market. Use the research you accomplished in the learning activity and your textbook to answer the following questions. • Explain what importing and exporting is. • Explain how many Yen does one US dollar buy as of the day of your assignment? • Over the past year is the dollar growing stronger (buy more Yen per Dollar) or is it growing weaker (buy fewer Yen per Dollar)? • Explain if you were a US exporter selling your products to Japan, how would the prices of your products to your Japanese customers be affected when the Dollar was stronger than the Yen? And how would prices be affected when the Yen was stronger than the Dollar? (150 words)

Companies that are involved in international trade have to be mindful of the foreign exchange rates of currency. The exchange rate is how much one countries currency can buy of another countries currency. Sometimes 1 US Dollar can purchase more or less of another countries currency. Imagine you are a business owner and want to expand your business into the Japanese market. Use the research you accomplished in the learning activity and your textbook to answer the following questions. • Explain what importing and exporting is. • Explain how many Yen does one US dollar buy as of the day of your assignment? • Over the past year is the dollar growing stronger (buy more Yen per Dollar) or is it growing weaker (buy fewer Yen per Dollar)? • Explain if you were a US exporter selling your products to Japan, how would the prices of your products to your Japanese customers be affected when the Dollar was stronger than the Yen? And how would prices be affected when the Yen was stronger than the Dollar? (150 words)

Reflection Journal – Six Stages of Critical Thinking Consider your readings for the week on the six stages of critical thinking. At the beginning of this class, where do you think you are starting? According to the readings, what makes you fit within the criteria of that kind of thinker? What are some of the benefits and downfalls of that kind of thought? Your work should be at least 500 words, but mostly draw from your own personal experience. This should be written in first person and give examples of the kinds of ways you are currently thinking. Be sure if you are using information from the readings that you properly cite your readings in this, and in all assignments.

Reflection Journal – Six Stages of Critical Thinking

Consider your readings for the week on the six stages of critical thinking. At the beginning of this class, where do you think you are starting? According to the readings, what makes you fit within the criteria of that kind of thinker? What are some of the benefits and downfalls of that kind of thought?

Your work should be at least 500 words, but mostly draw from your own personal experience. This should be written in first person and give examples of the kinds of ways you are currently thinking. Be sure if you are using information from the readings that you properly cite your readings in this, and in all assignments.

Please respond to EACH of the following discussion topics and submit them to the discussion forum as a single post. Your initial post should be 75-150 words in length. The Questioning Toolkit identified 17 kinds of questions: 1.Essential question 2.Organizing question 3.Elaborating question 4.Divergent question 5.Subsidiary question 6.Probing question 7.Unanswerable question 8.Irrelevant question 9.Hypothetical question 10.Sorting and Sifting question 11.Inventive question 12.Telling question 13.Clarification question 14.Provocative question 15.Planning question 16.Strategic question 17.Irreverent question Think back to a previous learning experience (a class, a presentation, a training session, etc.) when the instructor or presenter asked for questions. In your initial post this week, begin by briefly describing the situation. •Where were you? •What was the topic being covered? Then, focus on the questions that were asked. •What type of question did you find most helpful? Why? If you can remember, provide the question. •What type of question did you find least helpful? Why? Once again, if you can remember the question, include it in your response. •Now that you have looked more deeply at the different types of questions, what question would you have liked to ask or have asked to help you to better understand the topic? What type of question did you choose? Why?

Please respond to EACH of the following discussion topics and submit them to the discussion forum as a single post. Your initial post should be 75-150 words in length.

The Questioning Toolkit identified 17 kinds of questions: 1.Essential question 2.Organizing question 3.Elaborating question 4.Divergent question 5.Subsidiary question 6.Probing question 7.Unanswerable question 8.Irrelevant question 9.Hypothetical question 10.Sorting and Sifting question 11.Inventive question 12.Telling question 13.Clarification question 14.Provocative question 15.Planning question 16.Strategic question 17.Irreverent question

Think back to a previous learning experience (a class, a presentation, a training session, etc.) when the instructor or presenter asked for questions.

In your initial post this week, begin by briefly describing the situation. •Where were you? •What was the topic being covered?

Then, focus on the questions that were asked. •What type of question did you find most helpful? Why? If you can remember, provide the question. •What type of question did you find least helpful? Why? Once again, if you can remember the question, include it in your response. •Now that you have looked more deeply at the different types of questions, what question would you have liked to ask or have asked to help you to better understand the topic? What type of question did you choose? Why?